Hacking tools are computer programs and scripts that helps you find and exploit weakness in computer systems, websites, web Applications, network systems, servers and other software, mobile devices and we term this as Hacking. There are different kinds of such tools available that you can easily download form a variety of websites. We stated websites that you can download these software for free.
Note, this lesson is not only about hacking tools but other tool to protect your computer systems, websites, web Applications, network systems, servers, mobile devices and other software from these hackers.
First of all you need to know the meaning of penetration test as it is an essential terminology in cyber world.
A penetration test, also known as a pen test, is a simulated cyber-attack against your computer system or your device to check for exploitable vulnerabilities. In the context of web application security, penetration testing is commonly used to augment a WEB APPLICATION FIREWALL(WAF).
Pen testing can involve the attempted breaching of any number of application systems, (e.g., application protocol interfaces (APIs), frontend/backend servers) to uncover vulnerabilities, such as unsanitized inputs that are susceptible to code injection attacks.
Insights provided by the penetration test can be used to fine-tune your WAF security policies and patch detected vulnerabilities.
Invicti is an easy to use web application security scanner that can automatically find SQL injection, XSS and other vulnerabilities in your web applications and web services. SQL injection attacks. It also has support for a vast array of SQL-based databases. It supports deconstructing password hashes through dictionary attacks. SQL injection is the process of manipulating the SQL database of a web application into revealing or altering its values. This is partly possible because to extract values from SQL databases, you have to run queries on tables. If there are no countermeasures enacted against this, it becomes quite easy for the attacker to be able to inject malicious queries into your database
Metasploit is the world’s leading open-source penetrating framework used by security engineers as a penetration testing system and a development platform that allows to create security tools and exploits. The framework makes hacking simple for both ATTACKERS and defenders.
The various tools, libraries, user interfaces, and modules of Metasploit allow a user to configure an exploit module, pair with a payload, point at a target, and launch at the target system. Metasploit’s large and extensive database houses hundreds of exploits and several payload options.
A Metasploit penetration test begins with the information gathering phase, wherein Matsploit integrates with various reconnaissance tools like Nmap, SNMP scanning, and Windows patch enumeration, and Nessus to find the vulnerable spot in your system. Once the weakness is identified, choose an exploit and payload to penetrate the chink in the armor. If the exploit is successful, the payload gets executed at the target, and the user gets a shell to interact with the payload. One of the most popular payloads to attack Windows systems is Meterpreter – an in-memory-only interactive shell. Once on the target machine, Metasploit offers various exploitation tools for privilege escalation, packet sniffing, pass the hash, keyloggers, screen capture, plus pivoting tools. Users can also set up a persistent backdoor if the target machine gets rebooted.
The extensive features available in Metasploit are modular and extensible, making it easy to configure as per every user requirement
Who Uses Metasploit?
With the wide range of applications and open-source availability that Metasploit offers, the framework is used by professionals in development, security, and operations to hackers. The framework is popular with hackers and easily available, making it an easy to install, reliable tool for security professionals to be familiar with even if they don’t need to use it.
3. Wireshark or Network Sniffing:
Wireshark is a network protocol analyzer, or an application that captures packets from a network connection, such as from your computer to your home office or the internet. Packet is the name given to a discrete unit of data in a typical Ethernet network.
Wireshark is the most often-used packet sniffer in the world. Like any other
Packet sniffer, Wireshark does three things:
- Packet Capture: Wireshark listens to a network connection in real time and then grabs entire streams of traffic – quite possibly tens of thousands of packets at a time.
- Filtering: Wireshark is capable of slicing and dicing all of this random live data using filters. By applying a filter, you can obtain just the information you need to see.
- Visualization: Wireshark, like any good packet sniffer, allows you to dive right into the very middle of a network packet. It also allows you to visualize entire conversations and network streams. Wireshark has many uses, including troubleshooting network that have performance issues. Cybersecurity professionals often use Wireshark to trace connections, view the contents of suspect network transactions and identify bursts of network traffic. It’s a major part of any IT pro’s toolkit – and hopefully, the IT pro has the knowledge to use it.
When Should Wireshark Be Used?
Wireshark is a safe tool used by government agencies, educational institutions, corporations, small businesses and nonprofits alike to troubleshoot network issues. Additionally, Wireshark can be used as a learning tool.
Those new to information security can use Wireshark as a tool to understand network traffic analysis, how communication takes place when particular protocols are involved and where it goes wrong when certain issues occur Of course, Wireshark can’t do everything.
First of all, it can’t help a user who has little understanding of NETWORK PROTOCOLS No tool, no matter how cool, replaces knowledge very well. In other words, to properly use Wireshark, you need to learn exactly how a network operates. That means, you need to understand things such as the three-way TCP handshake and various protocols, including TCP, UDP, DHCP and ICMP.
Second, Wireshark can’t grab traffic from all of the other systems on the network under normal circumstances. On modern networks that use devices called switches, Wireshark (or any other standard packet-capturing tool) can only sniff traffic between your local computer and the remote system it is talking to.
Third, while Wireshark can show malformed packets and apply color coding, it doesn’t have actual alerts; Wireshark isn’t an intrusion detection system (IDS).
Fourth, Wireshark can’t help with decryption with regards to encrypted traffic.
And finally, it is quite easy to spoof IPv4 packets. Wireshark can’t really tell you if a particular IP address it finds in a captured packet is a real one or not. That requires a bit more know-how on the part of an IT pro, as well as additional software.
4. L0phtCrack or System Hacking
You will find password-protected systems on almost every organizational network. Having them is important to ensure that no unauthorized person gets access to the network. Sometimes, these passwords can be weak in nature and be easily cracked by third-party software.
L0phtCrack is one such utility that is used to deduce the password of the target system with the help of a plethora of algorithms, which include dictionary attacks, brute-force attacks, hybrid attacks, and rainbow tables. This hacking tool uses password hashes and matches different password combinations to reverse engineer the correct password. With this, security experts can find out if any accounts with weak passwords exist in their domain. Commonly used passwords, such as “123,” “password,” or “admin,” can be instantly cracked with a proper algorithm. If any password appears weak to the concerned authority, they can simply change the password or ask the operator of the vulnerable device to change it. This is incredibly important to prevent any operating system account breaches through networking and to block unauthorized personnel from physical access to a workstation.
- Solarwinds Security Event Manager.
- Traceroute NG
- Burp Suite.
- Angry IP Scanner.
All these software can also help to protect your devices from the attackers (hackers)